How to Calculate Annual Income: Formulas, Examples

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  • Annual income is the total amount of money you earn in one year.
  • You need to know your annual income if you apply for a loan or credit card.
  • Knowing your annual income can help you budget for short- and long-term expenses.

Annual income is the total amount of money you earn in one year. A year can be a calendar year — January through December — or your company’s fiscal year. Income usually includes wages, salaries, commissions, fees, tips, bonuses, Social Security benefits, and other money you earn regularly.

You’ll need to know your annual income when you apply for a loan or credit card or to determine child support or alimony payments. It’s helpful to know for personal financial planning too, says Eric Phillips, senior director of financial partnerships and strategic insights at Human Interest, a 401(k) provider.

Here’s how to calculate your annual income depending on how often you’re paid.

How to calculate annual income before taxes

Annual income can be gross or net:

  • Gross annual income is your income before taxes, benefits, and deductions.
  • Net annual income is your income after taxes, benefits, and deductions.

To calculate your gross annual income, multiply your monthly or weekly gross pay by the number of times you get paid per year. There are 12 pay periods if you get paid once a month or 52 if you get paid weekly.

Here are the simple formulas for calculating your gross annual income:

  • Gross annual income = gross monthly pay x 12
  • Gross annual income = gross weekly pay x 52

Adjust the equation accordingly if you work fewer than 12 months or 52 weeks per year. For example, if you take off four weeks without pay, multiply your weekly pay by 48 weeks instead of 52.

How to calculate annual income after taxes and deductions

After taxes, benefits, and deductions are withheld, the remaining amount is called your net pay.

“While knowing your gross pay is helpful, knowing your net income after taxes and other expenses — including possible 401(k) contributions — is even more helpful in determining your real take-home pay,” Phillips says. “From there, you can budget other expenses, both short-term and long-term, because you’ll know the amount that you’ll get each paycheck.”

To calculate take-home pay, find the gross pay on your pay stub and then subtract the amounts your employer withheld for income taxes, payroll taxes, benefits, and deductions.

From there, you can determine your net annual income by multiplying the difference by the number of pay periods. Here are the simple formulas:

  • Net annual income = net monthly pay x 12
  • Net annual income = net weekly pay x 52

Remember to adjust the equation if you work fewer than 12 months or 52 weeks per year.

Of course, the easiest way to determine take-home pay after taxes is to just look at your last pay stub, Phillips says. The amount will appear in the net pay (or similar) box.

How to calculate annual income from hourly wages

If you get paid by the hour, you can figure out your annual income in two steps:

  1. Multiply your hourly wage by the number of hours you work per week.
  2. Multiply the result by the number of weeks you work per year.

So, to put it another way:

  • Annual income = hourly wage x weekly hours x weeks worked in a year

Say you earn $30 per hour and work 40 hours per week. Your annual gross income will be $62,400 if you work 52 weeks per year ($30 x 40 hours x 52 weeks) or $60,000 if you work 50 weeks ($30 x 40 hours x 50 weeks).

Note that if you work 50 weeks per year, you can just multiply the hourly wage by 2,000 hours to determine your gross annual income. That can be a quick calculation if you’re comparing hourly jobs and want to see what you might earn in a year. For example, if a job pays $25 an hour, the gross annual income would be $50,000 ($25 x 2,000).

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